A number of civilians were killed or wounded at Patiya sardar while the Pak army bombarded from two aeroplane. The Mughals renamed Chittagong as Islamabad. primary school 1665, registered primary school 512, private (non-registered) primary school 208 and kindergarten school 1011. [5][11] 1760 fiel Chittagong an die Engländer. are main fruits of this district. Valuable timber and other forest trees also grow in this district. NGO Activities: Operationally important NGOs are CARITAS, YMCA, BRAC, FPAB, NGO Forum for DWSS, UCEP, PROSHIKA, ASA, Nijera Kari, CODEC, Mamta, Love the Children Foundation, Sheba Shango, IMAGE, Chittagong Anti-drug Abuse Society, CWFP, Bita, Prottashi, Palli Progati Sangstha, Grammen Projukti Kendra, Bangladesh Samaj Unnayan Sangstha, SDI, Bangladesh Nari Pragati Sangha, Gana Unnayan Prachesta etc. Chittagong hat den größten Seehafen Bangladeschs. [11][12] 1536/37 durften die Portugiesen das Zollhaus in Chittagong übernehmen und eine Faktorei zu errichten. [10], 1517 erreichten die Portugiesen erstmals Chittagong, das sie Porto Grande de Bengala (deutsch Großer Hafen von Bengalen) nannten. Chittagong District is quite different from other districts for its unique natural beauty characterised by hills, rivers, sea, forests and valleys. Mit 2.592.439 Einwohnern in der eigentlichen Stadt und 4.009.423 in der Agglomeration (Stand: 15. [1] Seit einigen Jahren werden jedoch die Eisenbahnverbindungen von Bangladesh Railway nach Chittagong mehrspurig ausgebaut und modernisiert und mit Indien wurden Vereinbarungen zum Anschluss an das indischen Eisenbahnnetz getroffen, so dass der Hafen von Chittagong absehbar auch zunehmende Bedeutung als Transithafen für Nordostindien gewinnen wird. Because of the natural harbour, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. After 16 December 1971, the experts sent by Soviet Naval Force conducted mine swiping operation for about three months. ইলিয়াস হোসেন চট্টগ্রাম বিভাগের শ্রেষ্ঠ জেলা প্রশাসক", "Home Minister to launch 4 new thanas in Ctg tomorrow", "Karnaphuli becomes Bangladesh's 490th Upazila", "Bangladesh Population & Housing Census 2011", Official Web Portal of Chittagong District, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chittagong_District&oldid=984138835, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Administrator of Zila Porishod: M A Salam, Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Elius Hossain, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 12:24. [20] Eine Zeitlang gab es auch Pläne zum Bau einer Eisenbahnlinie von Kunming in der südchinesischen Provinz Yunnan quer durch Myanmar nach Chittagong. Der Karnaphuli, der südlich der Stadt in das Meer mündet, bildet die Ost- und Südgrenze des Stadtgebiets. In 1860, the district of Chittagong Hill Tracts was formed out of it. Population: The total population of Chittagong district is 76,16,352 (Male- 38,38,854 and Female- 37,77,498), Sex ratio 102:100, Population Density 1442 sq. 11 DISTRICTS OF CHITTAGONG DIVISION Chittagong District: Chittagong, established in 1666 including three hill districts, is one of the oldest and biggest districts in Bangladesh with an area of 5157 sq km. In unregelmäßigen Abständen wird die Region durch tropische Zyklone heimgesucht, die in der Vergangenheit auch durch die begleitenden Überflutungen hohe Schäden anrichteten. Der Bangladesch-Zyklon von 1991 forderte in der Region Chittagong mehr als 100.000 Todesopfer. The Association was being governed by its rules made in several times till the acceptance of its … The Town is also called the commercial capital of Bangladesh. Die Stadt erlebte in den 1550er-Jahren wahrscheinlich noch mehrere Eroberungen, blieb aber letztendlich unter der Herrschaft von Arakan. In 1971, the freedom fighters (naval commandos) conducted a number of successful operations from Bandar and damaged a number of enemy ships by bomb explosion. [8] 1154 berichtet al-Idrisi von einer florienden Handelsroute zwischen Basra und Chittagong. It covers the south-easternmost areas of the country, with a total area of 33,771.18 km (13,039.13 sq mi) and a population at the 2011 census of 28,423,019. Chittagong district was further divided into Chittagong and Cox's Bazar districts. Dazu zählen unter anderem: In der Nähe der Mündung der Karnaphuli liegt der Patenga-Strand, ein Sandstrand, der als Touristenanziehungspunkt auch für seine spektakulären Sonnenuntergänge bekannt ist. Annual average temperature: maximum 33.8'C, minimum 14.5'C, total annual rainfall: 3194 mm. The district consists of 14 upazila and 12 thana, 194 unions, 985 mauzas, 1267 villages, 1 city corporation, 41 city ward, city mahallah 207, 10 paurashavas, 90 wards and 199 mahallas. (2039.74 sq. Sultan Fakruddin Mubarak Shah (1338-1349) of Sonargaon conquered Chittagong in 1340. Diese Pläne wurden aufgrund des Desinteresses der Regierung von Myanmar bisher nicht weiter verfolgt. Population Total 6612140; male 3477178, female 3134962; Muslim 5661396, Hindu 817745, Buddhist 7959, Christian 118435 and others 6605. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860.In 1947, Chittagong came under Pakistan and became part a district of East Pakistan. Traders from different countries including Arab had business transactions with this port since 9th century. Chittagong District (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম জেলা, Chittagong Jela also Chittagong Zila) is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal army under Islam Khan conquered Chittagong. Der Anteil von Hindus und Theravada-Buddhisten liegt mit 13,76 % und 2,01 % über dem Landesdurchschnitt. The Pak army brutally killed 75 persons on 19 May 1971 in Banshkhali; they also killed 89 freedom fighters at village Napora in October. 1605 wurden die Portugiesen von Sandwip vertrieben und 1607 tötete Min Razagyi, König von Arakan, die 600 Portugiesen in Dianga. Ebenfalls populär ist getrockneter Fisch. Über ihn wurden im Jahr 2002 (zusammen mit dem Internationalen Flughafen Chittagong) etwa 75 % der Exporte und 80 % der Importe Bangladeschs abgewickelt. km. On behalf of population density Chittagong district is 2nd largest after Dhaka district. Cox's Bazar was separated into a district in 1984. [citation needed], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. secondary school 12, non-govt. In 1933 a number of revolutionaries including Masterda Surya Sen, Kalpana Datta hide out in the house of Kherada Prava Biswas of village Garla. Die von Min Sekya gegründete erste portugiesische Siedlung war Dianga (heute Bunder oder Feringhi Bunder), am Südufer des Flusses Karnaphuli, gegenüber von Chittagong.[13]. Sandwip selbst fiel 1602 durch Domingo Carvalho und Manuel de Matos an die Portugiesen, die dort einen Stützpunkt errichteten. It carries the history of revolutionary activities during the British Raj. Wali Ahmed, and the Pak army at a place near the Fenakuni Bridge on the south of Mirsharai sadar on 20 April 1971 in which about 100 Pak soldiers were killed. There are 14 Upazilas[4] and 16 Thanas[5] (the latter under Chittagong Municipal area) within Chittagong District. Marks of the War of Liberation Mass graves 9 (PTI campus, Nazirhat, Karer Hat, Lelung Tea Garden, Darbar Sharif, Baganbari, Dandmara Ultobit, Banshkhali, Jotpukuria); mass killing sites 13; memorial monument 9. Chittagong war Teil dieses Reiches. Main Rivers: The Karnafuli, Halda and Sangu are the main rivers of this district. Am Südende des Sees liegen ein Vergnügungspark und der Zoo Chittagong. college 121, college of physical education 1, teachers training college 1, regional public administration institute 1, polytechnic institute 1, homeopathy college 2, nursing institute 1, forest research institute 1, veterinary college 1, home economics college 1, Bangladesh military academy 1, vocational institute 1, law college 2, art college 1, marine academy 1, marine fisheries academy 1, cadet college 1, madrasa 395, govt. Main sources of income Agriculture 33.53%, non-agricultural labourer 4.30%, commerce 16.22%, industry 0.99%, service 17.61%, transport & communication 3.43%, construction 1.32%, religious service 0.44%, rent & remittance 8.48% and others 13.68%. Der Hafen war damit der drittgrößte in Südasien (nach Mumbai und Colombo). The Pak army conducted genocide on 13 October in the Durgabari premises of Kadhurkhil; they also brutally killed 11 freedom fighters at Nazirhat bus stand area. It was turned into Chittagong City Corporation on 31 July 1990. This page was last modified on 7 December 2015, at 02:54. Chittagong hätte damit die Perspektive eines Umschlagshafens am Indischen Ozean für Südwestchina gewonnen. There are 14 Upazilas and 16 Thanas within Chittagong District. Chittagong had been a sea port since the ancient time. Background: Chittagong is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. Zu der Chittagong City Corporation gehört auch ein Teil der benachbarten Upazila Hathazari. The Chittagong District Bar Association was established on 23 March 1893 by 17 eminent lawyers. Folk culture Various special types of folk culture and festivals such as Mejbani of the Muslim community, Mahadeshwari Puja of the Hindu community, Baisabi festival, buddha purnima, Prabarana Purnima, Kathin Chibar Dan, Shibli Puja, Aushta Upakaran Dan of the indigenous communities and the durga puja are performed in the district. [5][6] Eine Stadt mit Hafen lässt sich bis in das 4.

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